Behavior of Nonlinear Viscoelastic Material Under Simultaneous Stress Relaxation in Tension and Creep in Torsion

[+] Author and Article Information
J. S. Y. Lai

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

W. N. Findley

Division of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, R. I.

J. Appl. Mech 36(1), 22-27 (Mar 01, 1969) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3564581 History: Received February 23, 1968; Online September 14, 2011


An experimental and analytical investigation is presented for simultaneous stress relaxation in tension and creep in torsion of polyurethane in the nonlinear range of stresses. The method employed a multiple integral approach with an assumed product form of kernel function to describe creep behavior. The required constants were determined from pure creep experiments on polyurethane. The tension stress and shearing strain versus time for simultaneous stress relaxation and creep were computed from results of these pure creep tests alone, and the results were compared with experiments on the same polyurethane under simultaneous stress relaxation and creep. In the method of analysis, direct inversion of the equation for creep was used as a first approximation for relaxation. Means for obtaining successive approximations and for accounting for cross effects are described. The second approximation was found to be adequate to describe the observed behavior very satisfactorily.

Copyright © 1969 by ASME
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