On the Meaning of Isoclinic Parameters in the Plastic State in Cellulose Nitrate

[+] Author and Article Information
M. M. Frocht

Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Ill.

Y. F. Cheng

Laboratory of Experimental Stress Analysis, Department of Mechanics, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Ill.

J. Appl. Mech 29(1), 1-6 (Mar 01, 1962) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3636457 History: Received August 30, 1960; Online August 30, 2011


In applying the shear-difference method to the determination of stress distributions in photo plasticity, a basic question arises whether, under plastic flow, the isoclinic parameters represent the directions of the secondary principal stresses. Special equipment, new techniques, and a series of experiments are described to study this problem. Tests were made with stress systems which varied in magnitude and direction at normal and oblique incidence, and at strains for which a one-to-one stress-optic relation exists as well as at strains for which it breaks down. Typical results are given. These findings together with the method of scattered light and an appropriate stress-optic law may provide a foundation for three-dimensional photoplasticity. The effects described are limited to loading. Cases of loading plus unloading are not considered in the present paper.

Copyright © 1962 by ASME
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